Gareth Jones

[bas relief by Oleh Lesiuk]

HOME

 

Stop Press

 

Complete Soviet Articles & Background Information

 

Précis of Gareth's Soviet Famine Articles

 

All Published Articles

 

BOOKS

 

Eyewitness to the Holodomor

(2013)

 

More Than Grain of Truth

(2005)

 

Manchukuo Incident

(2001)

 

TOPICAL

 

'Are you Listening NYT?'  U.N. Speech - Nov 2009

 

Gareth Recognised at Cambridge - Nov 2009

 

Reporter and the Genocide - Rome, March 2009

 

Order of Freedom Award -Nov 2008

 

Premiere of 'The Living' Documentary Kyiv - Nov 2008

 

Gareth Jones 'Famine' Diaries - Chicago 2008

 

Aberystwyth Memorial Plaque 2006

 

 

GENERAL

 

Scholarship Fund

 

Site Map

  

Links

 

Legal Notices

 

Sponsored Links

 

Contact

THE WESTERN MAIL,  June 14th, 1933  

The World Conference -London (ii) 

 GREATER TARIFFS - CHIEF QUESTION AT THE WORLD CONFERENCE

Effects of Industrial Recovery Bill

RUMOURS OF A SURPRISE BY RUSSIA

By Gareth Jones.

(Our Special Correspondent at the World Conference)

 The corridors and the lobbies of the Geological Museum like the grounds around an Eisteddfod pavilion.  Old friends greet each other with “I haven’t seen you since the Lausanne Conference.”  Distinguished diplomats fight out verbally their points of view.

There plump, witty Litvinoff is joking with an old - I nearly said eisteddfodwr - Geneva habitué.  A few yards away Mr. Henderson - who looks shrunken and ill - is recalling the Disarmament Conference.  Journalists who year after year have met at the. Assembly of the League of Nations compare speeches as if they were the chief choral or the bardic chair.

It is in these corridors and not in the conference-hall that the news is to be found.  As you walk along you bear snippets of conversation – “America … War Debts … But it’s Fascism … Roosevelt. … It will, wreck the Conference. … What do they care about London . . . Will he be able to do it? … O, there’ll be a pious resolution. … Congress …The Middle West.”

The Great?

When you join a group of journalists you find that the one absorbing subject is not what M. Daladier said this morning, nor Signor Jung’s defence of sound currencies, nor General Smuts’s warning, nor the black storm clouds which darkened the sky outside when the Japanese delegate was speaking, nor even the German Foreign Minister Neurath’s vei1ed support of economic nationalism.

The great question mark is America.  America is now going through a revolution, the extent of which few people, in Europe realise. 

The country is seething with discontent, and I am assured that the misery is. desperate.  To-day I lunched almost within the shadow of the Bank of England with an able City man who, since the war, had visited, twenty-one countries to study their finances.

This expert, who is not prone. to exaggeration, said, “You do not know what hunger there is in the’ United States.  British people have no inkling, of the forces which are at play there.  I have reports which state that men are working a whole day for less than the match to get a scrap to eat. Girls are being employed for fifty hours per week for one dollar, which is 4 shillings.  There is sweated labour and starvation.”

U.S. Position Tragic

I left this conservative financier and returned to the Conference, where almost the first words I heard in the Lobby were:

“The Americans have so many troubles of their own, so much misery, that they can’t give a moment’s thought to this Conference.”  Journalists fully confirmed the tragic reports I had heard of the American situation. 

What has that to do with the Conference?  It has the power to bar any progress in London - not over the war debts question, for that is now less important, but over the question of tariffs.

The misery in the United States is making the people say, “We must live for ourselves alone.  We must plan our national life.”     

As a result America in the last few months has made many steps towards a kind of Fascism.

America’s revolution has been almost ignored in this country, for it coincided with the far more spectacular advent of Hitlerism in Germany.  But it is none the less true that Roosevelt is moving rapidly towards State planning and State control of industry.  America’s beloved “rugged individualism,” which her leaders have vaunted so often, is dead and buried and an era of American Fascism seems to be on the horizon.

What does that mean for the Conference?  It means this - that American national planning is going along the lines of economic self-sufficiency.

“The world is going smash around us.  So, let us try to live to ourselves.” That is what millions of Americans are saying.

NEW TARIFF WAR MENACE

There is now before the American congress - by the time this article comes into print it may have become law - an Industrial Recovery Bill, which definitely puts this policy of economic nationalism into practice.

This Bill will give the President great powers over American economic life and will lead to more quotas, embargoes, and tariffs, which means that the world stands before a still greater tariff war unless the Statesmen rapidly take heed.

America is far more interested in this Industrial Recovery Bill than in the London Conference, and it 1ooks as if the policy of economic nationalism now carried on in America makes the prospects for lowering tariffs exceedingly black.

That is why the word most used in the lobbies of the Conference is “America.” 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Gareth Jones: A Manchukuo Incident

 

Previous

Top of Page

Contents

Next

 

Original Research, Content & Site Design by Nigel Linsan Colley. Copyright © 2001-11 All Rights Reserved Original document transcriptions by M.S. Colley.Click here for Legal Notices.  For all further details email:  Nigel Colley or Tel: (+44)  07796 303  8888