Anglo-Russian Parliamentary Committee
5 ROBERT STREET,
FROM THE PRESS DEPT.
September 28, 1933
No.52 NEWS BULLETIN
NO STARVATION—M. HERRIOT’S IMPRESSIONS
We commented in the last issue
of this BULLETIN on the recent journey of M. Herriot in the U.S.S.R. The
impression made by his journey on the French ex-Premier, who is not only
powerful in the councils of the French Government Party, but is well known
as a practical man of affairs and Mayor for many years of the industrial
town of Lyon, are particularly interesting. We therefore give below a
translation of the speech (in so far as it referred to Russia) made by M.
Herriot, on his return to France, in full as it appeared in the French
Press, September 14, 1938
A Fever for Knowledge
"I found in Russia an
extraordinary fever for knowledge. This Is one of the manifestations of the
splendid results obtained in all spheres and more particularly in the sphere
of education and of Industrial development.
"We visited the famous Dnleper
dam and the gigantic works erected there. It Is the second most powerful
electrical station in the world and I know that the Americans have praised
it very highly."
"I also visited numerous towns
In which remarkable municipal work has been attained. Kharkov, in
particular, is one of the most beautiful towns I have ever seen. I could
admire there the wide avenues and squares along which modern buildings have
been erected very finely adapted to the purpose for which they have been
constructed. This is, indeed, a model town."
"‘But,’ Interrupted someone,
‘has not the U.S.S.R. to overcome very serious food difficulties? ‘ ‘No,’
answered M. Herriot. ‘It is necessary to guard against hasty
Interpretations. Let me give one example; I saw women waiting In a queue in
order to purchase petrol. I asked how could this be reconciled with the huge
output of oil in Russia. They replied that the harvest being particularly
rich this year, very large quantities of petrol were required for
agricultural machinery. For the rest, a large quantity has been exported in
accordance with the general plan in order to provide the foreign currency
which the U.S.S.R. requires."
"The consumption of various
products, particularly of milk, is increasing rapidly.
"As for the Ukraine, of which
we sometimes hear—it is a Beauce [one of the rich French grain producing
"At my request I was taken to a
village which had been described as suffering great scarcity. Actually, I
saw there gardens and orchards, I saw the harvesting being done by machinery
driven by electricity. I saw a hard working population, but by no means
poverty stricken; I saw fine, healthy children.
"No, all these problems have
been regarded with too much passion on both sides, but if one makes one’s
observations calmly and impartially one cannot but affirm that Russia is
tending to become a Power of a strength equal to the U.S.A."
Comment on the above article:
The Soviets completely fooled M. Heriot during his visit to Ukraine by
putting on a false display concealing from him any signs of famine. He
was completely taken in by his reception. I can not comment on the
next article's veracity either. But no doubt the committee were
prepared to believe all they heard and read.
THE HARVEST IN THE U.S.S.R.
A very rich harvest is indicated in the
Ukraine, Northern Caucasus, Central and Lower Volga, Central Black Earth
Area and other parts of the U.S.S.R.
In the Ukraine, for instance, the harvest this
year is estimated to exceed that of any year during the lasi thirty-two
Since 1900, the best harvest in
the Ukraine was 1930, when the yield was 10~5 centners per hectare. In the
best pre.war years, e.g., 1910, the average harvest was 9.3 centners
per hectare and in 1902, 9.1 centners. This year (1933), however, the grain
harvest is estimated to be 12 centners per hectare.
The Ukraine harvest of wheat is
estimated at 13 centners per hectare as compared with 127 centners in
1913—only 1902 gave as good a wheat harvest. As regards barley, the yield is
over 2 centners higher than in any year during the last thirty years.
Other areas are also characterised by
extraordinarily good harvests.
Harvesting started this year later than last
year owing to the late ripening of the crops.
In the Northern Caucasus and the Ukraine,
harvesting started ten to fifteen days later, but the work, on the whole,
proceeded far more rapidly and with less loss than last year.
By September 10, 1933, reaping had been
completed in all areas of the U.S.S.R. with the exception of the Urals,
Eastern Siberia, Far Eastern Area, Kazakstan and the Northern Area.
Last year by September 10, only 85 per
cent. of the sown area over the whole of the U.S.S.R. had been reaped.
Stacking and Threshing
By September 15, 1933, stacking had been
carried out over an area of 61,100,000 hectares (78.7 per cent. of the area
reaped) as against 51,942,000 hectares stacked by September 15, 1932.
By September 15, 1933, the crops over an area
of 41,826,000 hectares (539 per cent. of the reaped area) had been threshed
as compared with 31,580,000 hectares by September 15, 1932
Autumn Sowing and Early Ploughing
The following tables show the areas
sown and early ploughed (in preparation for next Spring’s sowing)
by September 15, 1933, as compared with September 15, 1932
Percentage of Plan
Sept 15 ,1932
Sept. 15, 1033
Percentage of Plan
Sept. 15, 1932
The Northern Area, Karelia, Leningrad District,
Ivanov District, Gorki Area, the Tartar Republic, Western Siberia and
Yakutsk had completed and exceeded their Autumn sowing plan by September 15,
ERRATUM to BULLETIN 51, September 14,
1933, on page 1,
Column 2 under the side head of "Harvesting and
Sowing Returns," August 31, 1931, in the
fifth line should read
August 31, 1932.
"MORE ANTI-SOVIET LIES
Compiled by W.P. Coates,
with a Preface by The Right Hon. G..Lansbury, M.P.